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To many people, deciding to medicate with medical marijuana can be an easy decision, but many patients can have trouble deciding what kind of cannabis to use. With thousands of strains available, it can become confusing or even overwhelming for patients to figure out which strain is right for them.
Sativa vs. Indica vs. Hybrid
Sativa and Indica are the two main species of cannabis, which have thousands of subspecies, or strains. Sativas contain more THC than CBD/CBN, While Indicas contain more CBD/CBN than THC. THC, CBD, and CBN are all cannabinoids, the beneficial compounds in marijuana that produce the medical and psychoactive effects. Each strain has its own effect, such as Sour Diesel, a Sativa which can relieve symptoms for depression, ADHD, and PTSD, or Granddaddy purple, an Indica which relieves stress, pain, and insomnia. Patients can easily use online resources, or consult with specialists to find out whether sativa or indica strains suits them the best.
Sativas are skinny plants that can reach up to 20 feet tall. They’re well known for their ability to relieve symptoms, while still allowing the patient to go about their daily life without feeling too tired or “couch-locked.” Sativa strains are known to alleviate many of symptoms for diseases and disorders such as:
Indica plants grow wide, dense, and are generally much shorter than Sativa plants. Indicas are known to have more a sedative effect on the patient. Indica strains are ideal for alleviating the symptoms of patients suffering from insomnia and pain, but they also can alleviate symptoms of other diseases and disorders, such as:
Hybrid strains are the best of both worlds for many patients. Hybrid strains are a cross of two or more strains of cannabis, allowing the patient to get the desired effects of both Indica and sativa strains in one hybrid strain. For example, let’s say a patient has arthritis pain but needs to medicate before work each day.
The World's Largest Cannabis Information Resource
A cannabis edible, also called cannabis-infused food, is a food product that contains cannabinoids, especially THC. Cannabis edibles are consumed for both medical and recreational purposes. Because cannabinoids are soluble in fats and alcohols, cannabis must be cooked with one of these two substances in order to infuse the cannabinoids into the food and activate their psychoactive effects.During preparation, the cannabis or its extract must be heated sufficiently to cause decarboxylation of its most abundant cannabinoid, THCA, converting it into the psychoactive THC.
The oil-solubility of cannabis extracts has been known since ancient times, when Sanskrit recipes from India required that the cannabis be sautéed in ghee before mixing it with other ingredients. Making a tea by boiling cannabis in water is a highly inefficient way to extract psychoactive cannabinoids. Adding milk (which contains fat) when steeping, however, makes it much more efficient than using plain water.
Many know concentrates as simply “hash,” but most of what is in today’s shops bears little resemblance to the traditional hand-collected, mechanically-separated hash that has been produced for thousands of years throughout the world. Most older cannabis users know hash as the blond- or black-colored bricks smuggled into the United States and Europe from places like Lebanon, Nepal and Morocco, which for the most part was only passed around among the more serious cannabis users of the era.
While some shops and infused-product manufacturers do make hash using semi-traditional methods, the majority of concentrate producers have moved into solvent-based extraction techniques, where the essential oils of the plant are stripped using either a specific chemical solvent or a combination of heat and pressure. Let’s break down the most common types of products: Kief, Water Hash, CO2 Oil, Butane Hash Oil (BHO), Rosin.